Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively – 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It

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Samoyeds are a northern dog breed that has unique physical characteristics to live in freezing weather conditions. Their coats are the most used physical trait that protects them from the harsh and cold temperatures. There are two thick coats that are the under coat and the upper coats.

Nevertheless, I assume you have noticed your Sammy has been shedding a lot but you are not sure whether the causes to this shedding are normal or not. Well, that is exactly what we are going to talk about, here in this post.

What normally causes a Samoyed to shed so excessively?

A Samoyed can shed a lot because its coats are inherently designed to adapt to warmer weather by shedding the thickness of the hair that is developed to battle the chilly weather. However, it can also be due to abnormal reasons such as underlying health issues or insufficient dietary intakes that can be harmful to the dog.

Therefore, causes such as seasonal shedding are natural and should not concern you in any way. However, on the other hand, the abnormal causes should definitely concern you as they can not only cause shedding but many risky health problems.

Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively - 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It
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So, let me get into 8 good and bad causes to Samoyed’s shedding one by one and give you a better understanding as to what is good shedding and what is harmful shedding to your Samoyed.

Below, I have classified good causes as unharmful and normal causes and bad causes as harmful and abnormal causes.

Unharmful and Normal causes

These are the factors that are usual in this dog breed and you do not have to worry about, because any healthy Samoyed would shed due to these causes.

01 – Seasonal shedding

Samoyeds have white and chunky coats to protect them from the below-zero weather and due to that, this breed is commonly known to be quite heavy-shedders.

The outer coat is longer with harsh fur since coldness directly hits it whereas the undercoat is wooly, thick and soft which keeps the dog cozy and comfortable.

So throughout the entire season of the cold and dark winter, these double-layered coats protect Samoyeds from the weather.

However, In warm seasons such as the spring and the summer, when it is not cold anymore, those hefty coats are not needed. So, Samoyeds normally shed their fur in order to make those thick coats lighter and thinner.

Thus, these dogs can weather the hot temperatures.

And so, after every winter, when it is spring, Samoyeds start shedding to prepare for the next season which is the hottest one “the summer”.

So, expect heavy shedding for 2 to 3 weeks somewhere between the beginning of the spring and the summer.

Nonetheless, after the hot seasons are over, in the fall, Samoyeds again, start growing their fur to develop their coats thicker and fuller. So they can weather the cold climates in the winter.

It is basically a cycle.

In short: In chilly seasons such as the winter, Samoyeds grow their coats long and thick whereas in the warmer seasons such as the summer, those chunky layered coats get shed excessively to get lighter and thinner to weather the hot temperatures.

However, the amount of shedding usually depends on the dog and where it lives. Regardless that, you can expect your Samoyed to change the thickness of its coats once or twice every year.

02 – Adolescence

When a Samoyed goes through its adolescence stage, many changes happen mentally and physically due to metabolic and hormonal changes. So, the form of coats and its shedding also change during this period.

You see, as a Samoyed becomes mature, the fur, it had as a puppy will fall off and then, it will start growing more thicker and longer hair which will lead to wooly and two-layered coats.

It is quite similar to humans. As we mature, the hairline, the thickness and the amount of hair change. The same thing applies to dogs as well.

Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively - 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It
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03 – Sunburn

Like us Humans, dogs are also susceptible to the ultraviolet light of the Sun. If a Samoyed is exposed to these harmful rays for too long, the dog gets sunburnt which has a number of negative consequences.

You see, Samoyeds are originally from Siberia where there are long and dark nights of the cold winter. So, these dogs have not been exposed to much sunlight back then which is why they are inherently sensitive to the Sun.

This sensitivity to the Sun can be found within the genes of the modern day Samoyeds too.

Therefore, sunburn surely can result in bad consequences such as hair loss through excessive shedding.

It is similar to humans, we also get sunburnt if we stay outside for too long.

So, either apply sunscreen (Dog sunscreen brands only) on the dog to protect it from the sun or make sure your Sammy does not spend too long, being exposed to sunlight.

However, this cause is technically not a good one but it is normal and does not harm your Samoyed in any significant ways.

04 – Lack of calcium and minerals due to Pregnancy and Lactation

Calcium and minerals are essential for healthy coats and when a Samoyed is pregnant, by about the seventh week, she will start losing hair on her abdominal area.

And then, as the dog starts producing milk, she will deplete even more calcium and minerals which of course will lead to more shedding.

Both during pregnancy and after pregnancy, the Sammy will keep on shedding. Do not get concerned though because it is completely normal. In fact, shedding can be considered as an obvious indication when a dog is pregnant.

However, you may have to make changes to the dog’s diet as she will require more nutrients than usual during this stage.

But before making any changes to the diet, consult with the vet and increase the nutrient intakes according to their recommendations and advice.

05 – Being in heat

This is only unique to female Samoyeds just like the one above.

There are time periods where female Samoyeds are in heat or in other words Estrus where the dog would have higher fertility  level and therefore, get sexually attracted to male dogs to mate.

When a female Samoyed reaches it’s sexual maturity/puberty, the first heat cycle starts which will last for 1 to 2 weeks or even longer sometimes.

However, shedding is one of the indications that your Samoyed might be going through her Estrus and the reason why hair loss is caused by it is due to the higher production of the hormone “estrogen”.

And it is a natural occurrence for female dogs in general.

Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively - 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It
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06 – Being senior dogs

As Samoyeds age, their metabolism slows down which will slow down the overall growth of the body.

So, hair growth can be weakened and likely, the dog will lose hair and will not even grow them back.

Just like us humans, it is completely normal that Samoyeds shed as they reach their senior stage of life.

However, in the golden days of the dog, if you have given it good care and maintenance in terms of nutritious foods, exercise and vet care, the chances of shedding can also be low.

Either way, when your Sammy ages, increase the foods that contain fish oils such as Omega 3 fatty acids (or Fish oil supplements) and also, include more foods that contain high protein such as tuna, salmon and sardines.

Harmful and Abnormal causes

These are the abnormal factors that cause shedding in this dog breed. However, this should concern you as these causes mean the Samoyed is not healthy and usually, in need of veterinary help.

07health issues

Diseases can be found by its symptoms. Often times, there are a number of symptoms that any dog will show when it is sick.

And shedding is one of those symptoms which can be seen as a pretty common indication when a Samoyed is having a sickness. Of course, not every disease shows signs of shedding but many do.

Nonetheless, a disease that causes shedding means it can even danger the dog’s life. So, in that case, rather than being concerned about the shedding, you must focus on curing the sickness itself.

Once is it cured, shedding also will slow down and normalized.

Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively - 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It
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First of all, you have to know whether it is a health issue or not. To do that, you need to learn what are the symptoms of such illnesses. So that, you can detect them and bring the dog to the vet ASAP.

Here are the most usual health conditions that cause shedding in a Samoyeds and their symptoms.

Remember: Shedding is a symptom of all the following diseases below which is why I am only mentioning all the other symptoms of those diseases. So that you can confirm whether it is a disease or just regular shedding.

Parasites

Symptoms:

  • Losing weight although the appetite stays the same
  • Decreased activity level
  • Scooting
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Coats are dull
  • Dehydration
  • Stool has blood in them

Viral and Bacterial Infections

Symptoms:

  • Eyes are Runny
  • Snotty nose
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Coughing
  • Paralysis
  • Scratching too much
  • lethargy
  • Skin and coats are swollen with a reddish color
  • Seizures

Hypothyroidism 

Synonym:

  • Weight gain with a normal appetite
  • No desire to exercise
  • Lethargy 
  • Increased dark pigmentation in the skin
  • Gets cold
  • Low heart rate
  • Hair and coats appear strange and unhealthy (Thin, dry and even almost bold)
  • Hair re-growth is slowed down

Stress and Anxiety

Symptoms:

  • Pacing and Shaking
  • Excessive barking and howling
  • Whining
  • Panting
  • Yawning always
  • Unusually drooling
  • Licking a lot
  • strange body postures
  • Aggression
  • Hyperactivity
  • Staying hidden from everyone
  • Try to wander off

Liver Diseases

Symptoms:

  • Decreased appetite
  • Always urinating
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea or both simultaneously
  • Drinking too much water
  • Eyes and tongue appear a yellowish color
  • Gums look abnormal
  • Looks depleted with no energy to move around
  • Seizures

Zinc Deficiency

Symptoms:

  • Digestive problem
  • Diarrhea 
  • Appetit is decreased (A sudden picky-eater)
  • Slowed down growth
  • Crusted and cracked footpads

However, if you are still not sure whether the dog is having a health issue, it is best to seek veterinary help and do a full examination of the dog’s health.

In fact, I personally think, bringing the Sammy to its vet whenever you notice excessive shedding is the most suitable course of action. Better safe than sorry right.

08 – A bad diet

Samoyeds are medium to large-sized dogs that need quite a lot of nutrients to grow healthily and not be prone to health issues.

So, when the diet is not consisted of proper nutrients, not only will it cause shedding in a Samoyed but many other illnesses that can even be harmful to the overall health of the dog.

Normally, A diet should be comprised of 25% to 30% of high quality protein, about 15% fats and the rest can be complex and simple carbs and micro-nutrients such as omega 3, vitamins and minerals.

For more information about healthy growth, diet, exercise and diseases of Samoyeds, visit this post.

Alright, back to the topic.

So, to make sure your Sammy’s diet is well-balanced, feed the dog both dry-dog foods and wet human-foods that dogs can eat.

You see, many pet-parents give their dogs mostly dry foods that do not contain a variety of nutrients. So, no wet foods mean a dog could experience shedding and other health issues.

Therefore, include both wet and dry foods. It will give more variety to your Samoyed’s diet and also, fulfil all its nutritional requirements.

How to identify an excessive shedding Samoyed?

You can identify a Samoyed’s excessive shedding by its symptoms which are bald spots, thinning hair and coat and skin irritations such as rashes, scabs, bumps and redness. However, there is not any specific amount that is considered as excessive or unhealthy shedding. If you see the symptoms, then, that should mean excessive shedding.

Nonetheless, each dog sheds differently based on its environment, health state and genetics.

How to ensure your Samoyed will not shed excessively?

You have to pay attention to three things. Namely, they are the diet, vet care and grooming.

Vet care:

It is crucial to have regular visits to the vet’s office and do check-ups on the Samoyed to ensure it stays healthy and there are no any abnormal sigs of diseases.

However, it is also important to give dietary supplementations for the dog. Consult with the vet. Based on your Sammy’s health state, they will give or recommend the suitable supplements. (mostly, only older dogs need supplements. So, the vet will decide about that too)

Ultimately, vet care will help your Samoyed maintain and regrow coats and ensure wellness to the overall wellbeing of the dog.

The diet:

Refer to the above section where I explain about the importance of a good diet and how both wet and dry foods are crucial to be included in the dog’s diet. So that the dog gets all its required nutrients to maintain healthy coats and avoid any health issues.

Grooming:

A good grooming routine includes brushing, bathing and drying along with trimming or clipping.

Since, Samoyeds have longer and fluffier coats, brushing everyday is needed.

However, when it comes to bathing, it can be done weekly.

On bathing days, make sure to bath first and then use a dryer to dry the fur.

After that, brush the coats which will remove dead hairs and clean the skin. While doing that whole process, check for signs of skin infections (It is a good practice). Symptoms can be reddened skin, rashes, pustules and crusts.

Also, brushing helps massage the skin and distribute coat oils to the coats and stimulate hair growth much better.

Not only that, remember to use a high-quality shampoo that can condition both the coats and skin. Otherwise, cheap products can irritate and dry the skin and coats which can lead to shedding.

Watch the following video on bathing a Samoyed. It gives more details.

Final Thoughts

It is safe to say that commonly, Samoyeds shed due to natural causes such as seasonal shedding, puberty and pregnancy.

However, there are causes to shedding that can be harmful to the dog as well. Namely, they are diseases and dietary issues.

So, to avoid such circumstances where the health of the dog is at a risk, you have to pay attention to the dog’s diet, vet care and grooming.

Why Do Samoyeds Shed excessively - 8 Reasons With Ways To Avoid It
Image by Tierkunst from Pixabay 

Image by Waltteri Paulaharju from Pixabay 

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